Uzbeksitan is a major stop on the Silk Road. It was once a part of the ancient Persian Empire and has been invaded by Alexander the Great, and Genghis Khan. From 14th Century Uzbekistan and whole central Asia was a part of King Amir Timur’s Empire (Tamerlane, Timurids Dynasty). It has been a home for the famous traveller Marco Polo. It became part of Russia in the mid 19th century and became independent in 1991 .
There are more than 4000 historical and cultural monuments in Uzbekistan and also known for its capital city’s modern architecture but it isn’t all ancient monuments that Uzbekistan has to offer.
Visit Tashkent in Uzbekistan and you’ll find yourself facing sleek skyscrapers and huge hotels, but what’s unique is how the architects have added a touch of their culture to the buildings like the occasional turquoise domed roof or the detailed pillars.
From flower filled meadows to snow covered mountains, Uzbekistan also has many breathtaking landscapes. Uzbekistan has 11 mountains in total and they all cover about one fifth of Uzbek territory. Uzbekistan also has many rivers and desserts. Uzbekistan is also home to many endangered species of animals such as the brown bear and the artic fox. It also hosts many wildcats such as leopards, tigers, lynxes, polecats and jungle cats.
The yurt camps in Uzbekistan is the starting point of a fascinating and educational excursions to the region. Travelers can take a 1 or 2-hour ride on camels to the unique lake Aydarkul . This lake is stretched out for about 250 km in the middle of the desert where visitors can dine right away with freshly caught fish, have a rest, swim in its warm, slightly salt, waters, and sunbathe on a picturesque shore.
Uzbek culture is one of the most exotic and exquisite cultures in Asia and has developed over thousands of years. With Arabic influence, It is a mixture of Islam and Chinese culture. After independence in 1991, Uzbekistan promoted the rapid development of handicrafts and traditional applied art, rebirth of Uzbek traditions and customs, development of Uzbekistan traditional culture.
Islam is the dominant religion with 90% Muslims. The rest includes Russian Orthodox Christianity, Zoroastrianism and Judaism.
Uzbekistan is also rich in fresh fruit and berries. The most common fruits are grapes, honey melons, watermelons, apricots, pears, apples, quinces, peaches, ebony, pomegranate, figs and various berries.
Uzbekistan’s cuisine is one of the most ancient and refined in Central Asia. It is influenced by the local agriculture, as in most nations.
Grain farming is popular in Uzbekistan so breads and noodles are common in Uzbek cuisine. Mutton is also popular due to the abundance of sheep in the country and is often eaten after being baked in the typical Tandir Kabob oven. It’s signature dish is Palov , a dish with rice , meat , carrot and onions.
The country’s national beverage is hot Green Tea and it is consumed throughout the day.
Its diverse culture has also contributed to the richness of Uzbekistan music. Classical Uzbek music is known as Shasmaqam which is characterized by drawling touching performance. Many lines of the poets of the East were put to this music.